Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together to provide the body with the necessary oxygen and fuel during sustained workloads. Some examples would be running, cycling and swimming. The Cooper Run is most commonly used to assess cardiovascular endurance. The five health-related components of fitness can be a useful guide to help you achieve good physical shape and promote good health.
The five health-related components of fitness can serve as a useful guide to achieving good physical shape. Body composition, or the body ratio of fat mass to fat-free mass, is the final component of health-related physical condition. Fitness testing in young Americans was established on a large scale in the 1950s with an early focus on performance-related fitness that gradually gave way to an emphasis on health-related fitness. Although body composition is not a demonstrative action like other health-related components of physical fitness, the committee has operationally defined it as a fitness component, a health marker, and a fitness modifier for the purposes of this report.
The background document for the Second International Consensus Symposium on Physical Activity, Fitness and Health in 1992 provided a summary of the “components and factors of health-related physical fitness” (Bouchard and Shephard, 1994; Bouchard et al. Body composition can influence performance in some physical fitness tests and is also a health-related risk factor associated with physical fitness. The committee recommends using the established BMI percentiles to derive interim cut-off points until further studies are conducted to determine health-related cut-off points in young people. The five health-related components of physical fitness are cardiovascular endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility and body composition.
Take a look at your current exercise program and see if it includes all the health-related components of fitness.