Health-related physical fitness involves skills that allow you to be and stay physically healthy. Skilled athletes often excel in all six areas. For example, cardiovascular endurance and flexibility are needed to play tennis. But to be good at tennis, you have to work on skill-related fitness components, such as agility, power, speed, and hand-eye coordination.
It is this focus on activity-related skills that differentiates two distinct areas of physical development. The health components of fitness are of universal importance. Skill-related fitness components are more relevant to certain athletes. For example, while everyone can benefit from daily walks, someone who sets out just to get their heart pumping doesn't need to worry about developing the speed needed to run a five-minute mile.
Similarly, baseball players should focus on all areas related to skills to perform at the highest level. But weightlifters can get away with focusing most of their effort on power, balance, and strength. In essence, it is how quickly a maximum force can be generated. In sports, power athletes are those who exert brute force in a short and total effort, such as Olympic weightlifters, soccer players, and gymnasts.
But athletes in other sports, such as basketball, volleyball and tennis, can also benefit from developing greater power. Jumping for a rebound requires leg strength, while hard paddling a volleyball requires a combination of upper and lower body power. When you think about speed, you can think of an event like the 100-meter sprint. But speed, by nature, is relative.
An elite 100-meter sprinter has to be very, very fast, but only for about 10 seconds. These same concepts apply whether you want to be faster in swimming, cycling, or even in sports such as soccer and basketball. Interval training, which includes high-intensity exercise sessions related to your specific sport, can help you improve your speed. Agility is the ability to move quickly and change direction easily.
Basketball players, for example, are incredibly agile. They have to move in all directions, jumping, sliding, turning and backing up in quick response to the movement of the ball and other players. Their bodies need to be trained to respond and change course in the blink of an eye. Gymnasts, yogis, skaters and surfers need highly refined balance skills in order to participate in their sports.
But these aren't the only athletes who benefit from balance training. Balance itself refers to the ability to adjust the position of the body to stay upright. It deals with proprioception, or knowing where your body is in space, and being able to make adjustments to your position as your center of gravity changes during movement. By performing standard strength training movements on an unstable surface, you will simultaneously improve your strength and balance.
Reaction time depends to a large extent on the mind-body connection. Your eyes see a stimulus, your mind interprets the stimulus, and your body reacts according to that interpretation. In many cases, improving reaction time comes down to gaining experience in the sport and performing sport-specific drills. Once you have a solid foundation of fitness, consider training to improve performance-related parameters.
By focusing on the six skills-related components of fitness, you can improve your ability to perform and compete in the sport of your choice. If you're not sure where to start, seek guidance from a qualified coach or personal trainer. To perform well in most sports, there are specific skills that make the difference between performing well and really excelling in that activity. For example, a gymnast may need to sharpen his balance and agility skills, while a basketball player needs to focus on speed and reaction time.
When you can focus on the specific skills of a sport, you improve your ability to compete and excel in that sport. Each skill has its own measurement method. And the method can also vary depending on the sport. For example, soccer players who want to increase power can measure maximum running speed and acceleration with a speed test, while basketball players can measure power with a vertical jump test.
There are also a variety of tests that measure agility, balance and reaction time depending on your sport. Health-related components of cardiorespiratory fitness %3D, muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility and body composition. By Laura Williams, MSed, ASCM-CEP Laura Williams is a fitness expert and advocate with certifications from the American Council on Exercise and the American College of Sports Medicine. In contrast, skill-related physical fitness includes health-related components, but it also covers components related to physical performance.
Health-related components of cardiorespiratory %3D fitness, muscle strength, muscle endurance, and body composition. Skills-related physical fitness is the right choice for people who can and want to perform at a high level, but it is less acceptable for most people because it requires training and exercise at high intensities. Physical fitness is more than just a question and being able to do a handstand, although they are certainly part of it. The same study defines the components of physical fitness related to skills as the “motor potential” to perform an activity related to speed, agility, power, balance, coordination and time.
Improving your overall fitness can help you no matter what sport or other form of exercise you do. You'll see improvements in your daily life by improving your cardiovascular condition, your muscle strength and endurance, and your flexibility. When you improve your flexibility, you maintain a healthy range of motion, which improves your ability to perform activities of daily living, such as lifting things off the floor or stretching to reach items on high shelves. The two most commonly identified types of fitness are health-related physical fitness and skill-related physical fitness.
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